literature circle 文学圈

投稿时间:2018年12月04日 点赞数:21613 作者:editor

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Literature circle is a highly engaging classroom activity in which students share information as well as opinions after they read the same reading material. A natural information gap is created as the students are assigned with different roles (tasks). 

   By being assigned the roles, students take on a specific task and are enabled to share the outcome of their own thinking and research in the group discussions. Through this activity, they are encouraged to talk and their participation and enthusiasm in the classroom are enhanced. 

   Steps:

   1.  Role assigning
   Assign the roles and ask the students to finish the role forms of summarizers, word masters, connectors and questioners. 

   2.  assign the discussion directors
   The discussion directors help to ensure the discussions to proceed.

   3.  Discussion among the same roles
   During the class, the discussion among the students who have the same roles takes place first. Students can discuss over different answers and try to reach some agreements. This step allows students to get inspirations from partners and can somehow revise or polish their own answers.

   4.  Evaluation 
   The teacher observes students’ discussion and gives feedback. An evaluation helps students to pay more attention to the quality of the discussion. This step can be placed before the 1st discussion or after all the discussions are finished.

   5.  Discussion among different roles
   Re-arrange the class and students with different roles sit together. The purpose of this round’s discussion is for the students to have a chance to deliver the results from the previous discussion and get a bigger picture of the whole activity. 

   6.  Class check/discussion
   The teacher is the main organizer of this step. Some of the vocabulary and sentence meanings will be checked and discussed. 

   7.  Extension activity
   The extension activity comes in many forms, such as making a poster, writing a review, or simply summarizing. It allows the students to consolidate and to self-reflect the content of the class.

   Apart from the roles listed, there can be other choices of roles like illustrators, character analyzers, and background investigators, etc.

   By engaging in the literature circle discussions, students gain more time and opportunities to talk in the class. Their ideas and opinions are shared, their initiative is enhanced and their language abilities are improved.

   学生获得了更多参与课堂的机会

   文学圈是一项具有高度参与性的课堂活动。学生在阅读相同的阅读材料后,分享各自的信息和观点。由于学生被分配了不同的角色(任务),在沟通中就产生了一个自然的信息沟。

   通过分配到的角色,学生各自承担特定的任务;并在之后的小组讨论中对自己的思考和研究成果进行分享。通过这个活动,学生被鼓励进行交谈,而且他们在课堂上的参与度和积极性也得到了相应的提高。

   步骤:

   1.  角色分配
   给学生布置不同的任务,并让他们完成相应的表格:概要整理者,词汇大师,连接者和提问者。

   2.  在讨论前指定讨论负责人
   讨论负责人保证讨论的顺利进行。

   3.  相同角色者的小组讨论
   具有相同角色(任务)的讨论首先进行。学生可以讨论他们之间不同的答案,并试图达成一些相同观点。这一步可以让学生从小伙伴那里获得灵感,并且修改或完善自己的答案。

   4.  评价
   老师在讨论过程中观察学生的讨论给与反馈。用评价来帮助学生更多关注讨论的质量。这一步骤可作为讨论指导放在第一轮讨论之前或在所有讨论都结束以后再开展。

   5.  不同角色者的小组讨论
   重新安排班级,使不同角色的学生坐在一起。这一轮讨论的目的是让学生有机会把之前讨论的结果分享出来,并且对其他角色的任务也有所了解。

   6.  班级检查/讨论
   老师是这一步骤的主要组织者。将对一些关键词汇和重要的句子进行集体检查和讨论。

   7.  拓展活动
   拓展活动可以有很多种形式,比如制作海报,写阅读评论,把故事表演出来或者进行重点摘要整理。它使学生能够巩固和反思课堂内容。

   除了以上列出的角色外,还可以分配给学生其他角色(任务),如插图师、角色分析员和背景调查员等。

   通过参与文学圈的讨论,学生可以在课堂上获得更多的说话时间和发言机会。他们的想法和观点得到分享,他们的主动性得以增强,而他们的语言能力也能有所提高。

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